The US Supreme Court said on Monday that for the first time it will hear cases argued by teleconference rather than in the courtroom due to the coronavirus pandemic including a dispute over whether President Donald Trump’s tax and financial records should be disclosed.

The announcement represented the latest way the pandemic has forced changes in American society, with the nine justices set to embrace teleconferencing like countless other shuttered workplaces that have struggled to continue functioning.

The court will hear arguments next month by teleconference in 10 cases, with the justices and lawyers for the litigants set to participate remotely in light of “public health guidance” in response to the pandemic, court spokeswoman Kathy Arberg said.

In another break with tradition, the court will provide a live audio feed of the arguments to the news media. Cable TV network C-SPAN said it plans to broadcast that feed in all the cases.

The court historically has resisted new technologies. Audio feeds in the past have not been broadcast live. There still is no video recording of arguments.

The court will hear arguments on May 4, 5, 6, 11, 12 and 13. It did not announce the dates for the individual cases.

“The court building remains open for official business, but most court personnel are teleworking. The court building remains closed to the public until further notice,” Arberg said.

Trump’s appeals in three separate cases to prevent his financial records from being handed over to Democratic-led U.S. House of Representatives committees and a New York prosecutor were due to have been heard on March 31 but were postponed on March 16 when the court delayed a series of cases over coronavirus concerns.

“We are pleased that the court will hear arguments this term,” said Jay Sekulow, a personal lawyer for Trump.

Another case focuses on the complex US presidential election system and whether Electoral College electors are free to break their pledges to back the candidate who wins their state’s popular vote.

“When you argue in person, you have a better understanding of what is being understood by the court,” said Lawrence Lessig, a lawyer in that case. “It’s about being in the same room and watching the reactions of the justices.”

Other cases to be argued by teleconference include a religious rights dispute involving Catholic schools in California and a Trump administration bid to let employers obtain religious exemptions from having any health insurance offered to employees pay for women’s birth control.

The justices traditionally issue all pending rulings by the end of June before taking a summer recess. But rulings potentially could be delayed because of the coronavirus disruptions.


The Republican president lost in lower courts in the three cases involving his quest to keep his finances secret. Two involve Trump’s efforts to stave off congressional subpoenas issued to third parties – his accounting firm Mazars LLP and two banks, Deutsche Bank AG and Capital One Financial Corp – demanding his bank records, tax returns and other material.

The other case involves a criminal investigation into Trump and his family real estate business in which Manhattan’s district attorney is seeking the president’s tax returns.

One major case left off the May arguments schedule was Google’s bid to escape Oracle Corp’s multi-billion dollar lawsuit over software copyrights, which now is expected to be heard in the court’s next term that begins in October.

The coronavirus has proven to be particularly dangerous in elderly people, especially those with underlying medical issues. Three of the nine justices are over age 70: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (87), Stephen Breyer (81) and Clarence Thomas (71).

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell so far have resisted calls from lawmakers in both parties to allow remote voting in Congress amid the coronavirus crisis.

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